Mills in Alto Aragón - harinero
Castillazuelo - San Marcos
in the valley of the Río Vero near Barbastro. Both should be on any map.
From Barbastro's city center take the road towards Adahuesca and Alquézar.
Before you reach Castillazuelo take the branch to Salas Bajas and Naval.
You'll soon find a sand road leading down into the valley at your left.
Drop the car and walk this road down towards a bush of high trees hiding the
mill. Between our visits, the mill has lost most of its roof and that is detrimental to
what remains of the equipment. The mill receives its water from the Río Vero and the acequia San Marcos.
Pictures: 30.X.2002, 01.III.2019
(1) Molino San Marcos - front.
(2) Molino San Marcos - back.
he mill (also known as Molino San Marcos
) is only a part of
a huge building of which the workplace of the mill takes only a small part at the back.
In the center of the front wall (1) is a tall double door giving access to a wide corridor
which runs from the entrance straight through to the workplace at the rear end.
he mill proper is at the rear end of the construction (2) and has
a dedicated entrance giving direct access to the workplace (3).
The workplace occupies not more than a rather
modest part of the ground floor: the entire width of the building and about a quarter of the depth.
(3) Overview of the workplace — 2019.
(4) Bancada from aside — 2002.
(5) Bancada with 2 stone pairs — 2002.
he stone table (3) carries two couples of stones. Each couple
is covered with an octogonal dust cover (guardapolvo, 4-5). The feeding system —
hoppers (tolvas) and their support (caballetes) — has been dismounted and is stored elsewhere in the building.
One of the hoppers (7) features rows of nails serving as a volume scale. We have seen something similar
in the mill of Lacort
he stones (6) come from the Société Génerale Meulière
one of the main companies in La Ferté
(S.G.M). A stone of the same make can be found in
. The sole representative for S.G.M. in Spain and Portugal was from
Zaragoza. This company of the Averly group was born in 1876 and would be renamed in 1923 as
after its owner since 1903.
(6) Stone from La ferté.
(7) Tolva (hopper) with volume indicators.
(8) Turbine with regulator and clutch.
(9) Tag on turbine.
ne turbine is mounted centered below the stone table (8).
The body carries a tag (9) with the text J. Amorós - Zaragoza
. was one of the smaller producers and in an advertisement of 1899
wrote that they were «Único en su clase que solo construye turbinas y motores hidráulicos» and
that they had «Preferencia en electricidad y molinería». J. Amorós is also present
in some other mills in our study area (e.g. the central eléctrica of Arrés
, the molino of Bernués
The grain cleaner (10, 11) is of the compact type known as limpia belga.
It was very popular because it gave good results against a decent cost. It was easy to use and it was robust and needed almost no maintenance. It was also one of the better selling products of Averly which had a limpia belga perfeccionada in
its portfolio. However, we do not know for sure that this (10) is an Averly specimen, because no tag could be found.
(10) Grain cleaning machine: limpia — 2002.
(11) Detail of the cleaning machine.
(12) Bolting machine with farinal.
(13) The bolting machine delivers 3 fractions.
(14) Geometrical figures on the wall.
(16) The back wall with 2 outlets.
(17) Fire insurance by the Commercial Union.
he mill gets water from
the Río Vero. The capture point is several kilometers and two
villages stream up near Pozán de Vero. The channel, originally built in the 17th century, first brings water to the
other mill in Castillazuelo (Molino Tricas) and then continues its way further down
towards San Marcos. (Read more about this channel in Pallaruelo
It then crosses a rivulet and continues downstream.
The rear wall features two empty
cárcavos and a big door giving direct access to the workplace. Centered
above the door is a plate (17) embossed with Commercial Union which
is a British Assurance company founded after the infamous of London in 1861.
The company was active in Spain from the first years of the 20th century and now belongs to the Grupo Aviva. The center of the plate features
a dragon between flames.
(18) Carcavo left.
(19) Carcavo right.