Mills in Alto Aragón - harinero
in the valley of the Río Yaga. From L'Ainsa
drive north until you
find the Dolmen de Tella
signposted. Take the narrow winding road, pass
and the hair-pins and then left towards Revilla
You'll now pass Arinzue
and then reach Lamiana where you can drop the car near
the restaurant. From there a path leaves to the Cueva de los Arnales where
the mill is situated. If needed ask directions in the bar.
All pictures: 10.III.2005
(1) Cueva de los Arnales
counts several mills. They must all have been abandoned a long time ago. They aren't
mentioned on the usually very mill-loving hiking maps and what's left of them isn't
readily recognized as a former mill. But still some - like
this mill of Lamiana - are really worth a visit if only to enjoy the
The mill was built leaning against the
cliffwall (red arrow in pict. 2; the same tree is visible on pict. 1-3).
Only the waterworks are preserved and although the abuelo of the bar vehemently
stated that the stones still should be out there, I couldn't find any trace of them.
(2) Mill in the landscape
(3) Backwall of former workspace
(4) Workfloor is roof of cárcavo
The mill of Lamiana
taps its water directly from the cave (5). A supply channel
which for many mills was often a costly but unavoidable burden, was not needed.
A dam was built in the mouth of the cave (7). The whole cave could thus serve as
a reservoir. At the eastern end is an opening (white arrow in 6) draining into the
cubo (blue arrow). A row of stones (visible in 5-7) guides the water to this opening.
of a cubo is to build up pressure and that's why they were made as deep as possible
). This one could keep an impressive
amount of water. From the top of the dam (6, 7) down to the workfloor (3)
and then down to the wheel in the cárcavo (4, 10) easily makes for a
water column of about 4 m.
(5) Cave with water trickle
(6) Inlet of cubo
(7) Dam closing the cave
is a real piece of craftmanship and very solidly built. We appreciate the nice masonry (8, 9). The short side is part of the
back wall of the workspace. The wall at the left (8) is built against the rock
and the other wall is built as an arch (most obvious in 9) for strength.
We have seen other fine arches in the mills of Samper
The cárcavo (10, 11) is also
a nice piece of work, still quite solid and opening with a double arch.
The cárcavo is empty, no wheel, no botana, nothing. It's as
if everything was taken away.
(10) Interior of cárcavo
(11) Outlet of cárcavo