Mills in Altoaragón - harinero, central eléctrica
the eastern part of the Parque de Guara
and near the
famous Cañon del Vero
. From L'Ainsa take the road to Guaso, Arcusa,
Bárcabo. Stay on the main road (do not turn right where Lecina is
signposted) until you reach the parkingspace for the canyon.
Walk down to the canyon, cross the Río Vero, follow the trail to the left.
The mill is situated deep down into the canyon.
Pictures: january 1994, december 1998
(1) Watermill with embalse.
(2) Backwall with Río Vero.
his molino moderno
is the only harinero
out of three remaining and certainly worth a visit, if only to enjoy the landscape.
The construction isn't in a very good shape
anymore. Some people should try to secure
the building instead of placing signposts.
Damián Peñart y Peñart
gives an overview of the history and two nice old photographs.
The mill was extended with a powerstation
just before the Spanish Civil War. It would provide Lecina with the much needed electricity for forty years.
After the emigration wave of the 1960s the mill was left without molinero. The
watermill continued to generate electricity during the nights but not much later even
this business was discontinued.
(4) Closed outlets in backwall.
The powerstation is in the left part
of the construction (red arrow). We found traces of probably
electricity related activity in the rightmost part
also. The room in the middle must have been
the harinero (yellow arrow & pict. 3). It has an inlet from the balsa
and two (now closed) outlets at the backside (4).
A turbine is situated in the space below the
rightmost room (5). On both ends of the axle is a wheel mounted, one belt (left) running
to the, now empty, room above and another belt (right) towards the second room (3).
(5) Turbine in space below rightmost room.
(6) Azud (dam) and start of channel.
is fed by a canal
running about two meter above the riverbed and coming from about 100 meter upstream.
This is only one of the reservoirs. The
mill of Lecina has in fact also an upper balsa
the solid and curved azud
. Compare with
the dam of the mill in Samper
We did a very lucky find in the riverbed
(about in the center of the picture 7).
A row of old wooden stakes across the river
shows the location of an earlier and simpler azud (10).
The line continues on the rock next to the water as a line of holes (11).
(7) Dam with first embalse.
(8) Outlet of power station.
(9) Shunt to drain reservoir
Blue arrow in (1).
(10) Remnant of old dam.
(11) Waiting in vain for a pole.
he powerstation (red arrow in pict. 1) is empty except
for some insulators (13) and a burned contraption which is probably kind of
a transformer (12). There is a deep pit where the turbine lives with some controls
which could be managed from upstairs.
Along the path coming down from the road to the mill some poles
carrying insulators and wiring are trying their best to keep upright.