Mills in Alto Aragón — molino harinero
himillas lies a bit north of
the city of Huesca. From Huesca take the road to Pamplona via Puenta la Reina
de Jaca. Chimillas is sign-posted. As we were kindly brought to the mill by the
owners of the Molino de Morana
I can't give very precise directions.
Try to find the Alberca de Cortés
situated south of the village. The mill, also known as
the Molino de Cortés
, is nearby. The construction
is now a second residence for people from Huesca.
We were shown around by the owners, proud with reason because the mill is marvellously
(1) La alberca de Cortés
he Alberca de Cortés
huge pond now providing water for irrigation. A channel starts at the base of the dam and then
brings life first to the Molino de Cortés and then to the
Molino de Morana
lying some kilometers further down close to Huesca.
The channel in its first meters splits. One branch (left in pict. 2)
directly feeds the main channel. The other branch brings water to the storage
of the mill. The reservoir rests against the façade of the mill, reaches
two floors high and thus can contain a huge amount of water.
(3) front of the mill with
the wall of the embalse two storeys high
(4) back-wall with two cárcavos and
valve on the main waterchannel
The farthest corner of the embalse
protrudes into the kitchen of the house (6). I wonder if that is by purpose (to cool the place?)
or because of a miscalculation.
he back-wall opens with a pair of cárcavos.
One of them is empty since before the present owners can tell. The other cárcavo
houses a metallic rueda and a couple of cog-wheels which probably powered the bolting
and sifting machinery usually available in a mill this size (e.g. Villalangua
The workplace sensu strictu is kept
as it was. There was only one pair of stones (fits with the one cárcavo) clad with
an octagonal dust-cover (guardapolvo). We recognize also the tolva (hopper) and the grua with cabra : the
crane to lift the stones when they needed to be dressed. The farinal where the fresh meal was collected
is also just visible in the left corner.
A funnel leads through the ceiling.
As the mill is built in the valley of the Río Isuela,
the top floor is level with the old roads running on the higher ground.
Corn was delivered at the top floor. There below was a waiting room and when corn was
needed it could easily be funneled down to the grinding stones.
(8) workfloor with grua,
regulador, tolva, guardapolvo
(9) funnel brings corn from the
waiting storage down to the workfloor
(10) metallic rueda