Mills in Alto Aragón — aceitero
abandoned village in the vicinity of Torres del Obispo about
halfway between Graus and Benabarre (Ribagorza region). However, there is no need to walk
the walk because what remains of the installations is on display
right in the city center of Graus.
(1) The oil mill of Castarlenas on the Plaza de la Compañía in Graus.
On display are an impressive
cantilever press (a prensa de palanca) next to the milling station where
the olives were crushed. There is also an interpretative panel telling some facts
about Castarlenas and explaining the process of oil extraction (Spanish only).
hough I prefer to find this kind of contraptions
I am still most happy with this kind of display. It is much better
than the all too frequent situation where a mill —even when close to a village— is left alone and rapidly becomes a sorry heap of rubble (e.g. Formigales
(2) Free end of the lever with tuerca and caracol
(3) Fixed end of the press
The press carries two date marks.
At the base of one of the virgenes (vertical beams, pict. 3) at the fixed end
the year 1930 can be found written in a box. A bit higher there is a circle
drawn with the number 42 inside.
t the same side but then on the palanca
the head of the press we can read ANO 1871
and nearby again Año
something I can't decode.
Notice that the beams forming the lever are made from a single stem each! In many cases
composed beams were used (e.g. Aguinalíu, Trillo, Formigales).
(4-5) Embalse where the olives were crushed.