Mills in Alto Aragón - harinero
is a village on a hill and easily found on the main road N-240 between Jaca and Pamplona. At the foot of the village take the A-1602 towards Ansó and Hecho.
After less than 1 km, where this road is joined by the HU-2040, turn left into kind of an industrial site with
dispersed hangars. Drive up-hill as far as you like and drop the vehicle on a suitable spot.
Walk the dirt track down into the valley of the Río Veral, cross the bridge (1), straight on at the
first branch to the right. Now look for the first row of trees at the right; they border the restitution channel. Follow the row along the
border of the field and you will soon reach the mill.
(1) Molino de Berdún seen from the village. Río Veral at the foot of the hill.
he mill is almost entirely hidden below trees and
layers of Ivy. You will probably need certain amount of determination in order to find the entrance
and then to make your way into the building.
The construction is built in the shape of a letter «L» and the entrance is at the
southern side of the free end of the long arm of the «L» close to the field.
The grist mill (molino harinero) occupies the long arm.
The roof and the upper floor are fallen down (2) and the debris makes it difficult to move
around the workplace. Some instruments of the trade can be seen though. They are all lined up against
the long wall opposite the entrance. The wall with the door was kept open as a passageway between the
sections of the mill: cleaning, milling, electricity making.
(2) Molino harinero with its contents hidden below the debris of the roof and the upper floor.
irst instrument, close to the entrance, is a grain cleaner (3-5).
The tool carries an inscription (5) of the producer: from Zaragoza.
In former times Averly was a very important player in the milling industry, mainly for small to medium sized installations. It was the sole representant for
the Société Générale Meulière
— see La Ferté
— in Spain.
The company developped also several
novelties. One was a Limpia Belga perfeccionada sistema Averly. A Limpia Belga was
very popular and often cited as a benefit in advertisements about mills to let. However, I do not know why it was called
Belga, nor what the improvements were.
(3) Limpia (grain cleaner, separator)
(4) Feeder funnel of corn cleaner (3)
(5) Averly producer of the limpia (3)
The stone table (7) is situated below the
largest window of the upper floor (2). Some small steps can be found (8) and one pair of
stones (7). I did not find a second pair though there may have been enough space for another pair.
Next to the stonetable is a single turbine, now almost invisible below the vegetation. The turbine is situated at
the far end of the room (2, left). The water flow was controlled from the 2nd floor with a makeshift contraption (9)
which was housed into a circular recess in to wall.
(7) Stone table
(8) Steps onto the stone table.
(9) Wheel for waterflow control.
The empty wall opposite the stone table is partly hidden
behind fallen beams. The patches which can be accessed are without doubt worth a closer look because they
are covered with scribbles and drawings (10-12).
irstly, we have the geometric drawings (10). They are
present in several other mills (e.g. Labuerda
). Sometimes they show a dressing pattern (like in Arén
, or here in the generator room). Often, like here (10), we find patterns
which can be drawn without tools other than a compass. Made to show off specialist knowledge?
(10) Geometric drawings on the wall of the grain mill
Many scribbles relating to the business can be found:
names, dates, calculations (11). Soton Entrada, Día 10 Abril 1941,
many times Entrada next to an addition or a substraction, Soldados 288 Ks,
Juana Lozano 1 ??? 7 Ks, Casa Laín?
In the doorway to the generator room (12) there is
as person wearing a hat with next to him Antonio Lanaspa. A bit lower on the wall
some sums and the texts Molino Electirco [sic], Molino Electrico and Berdún.
(11) Names, dates, calculations
(12) In the doorway to generator room