Mills in Alto Aragón - harinero


Fañanás is a village in the La Hoya de Huesca county. It is situated East of the city of Huesca. From Siétamo (on the N-240 and the A-22) take the road to Alcalá del Obispo and Novales. In Alcalá turn left for Fañanás. At the entrance of the village left into the Calle Alcalá, then again left into the Calle la Paz and continue into the Calle Molino. This street will eventually turn into a gravel road. Continue to the North for about 1km and you will find the mill (1) at your left hand side.

The mill got its water from the Río Gratizalema and is in a precarious state.

Pictures: 16.IV.2014

(1) The mill between the fields with the Sierra de Guara in the background.

The window spaces (3) are telling us that the mill originally counted three levels. The two upper levels have collapsed (4) and only the ground level with the workplace is accessible.

A row of holes in the front wall (4) indicates that there was at some time in the past another con­struction built against the mill proper.

The façade with the wide entrance (4) is also built against, and loose from, the rest of the con­struction as is clearly visible from the inside (5). Notice that the door jambes, which were curved at their outer sides (4), have disappeared.

(3) The mill seen from the North; Fañanás is visible far right.

(4) Wide entrance: the lintel is replaced by an arch.

(5) Entrance seen from inside; the calvary of (7) is left from the cemented patch at right.
The village of Fañanás is visible in the background.

(6) The workplace; the hurst frame was located at right against the back wall.

(7) Calvary in the wall next to the entrance.
The workplace (6) occupies most of the ground level of the construction. The space is covered by an impressive barrel vault built with ashlar stones.

The room has a blind wall to the East (right in 6). The western wall shows two openings: a window and a door of which the lower half has been closed in order to create a second window.

At the deep end of the workplace a narrow door gives access to a staircase leading to the second floor. Notice that both this door (6) and the entrance (4, 5) are not in the axis of the vault.

(8) Steps to climb the hurst frame.
(9) Section of mill stone with harp dressing.

The hurst frame was located at the deep end of the work place. The bed stone is covering the roof of the cárcavo. The runner is broken in several sections that can be found all over the place (6, 9).
A couple of steps to climb the hurst frame line the back wall of the work place (8). Above them, in the wall, an opening can be seen (10, 6).

(10) A spyhole in my opinion.
(11) Probably a cupboard.

The opening (10) looks like an embrasure. It doesn't make sense, however, to have an embra­sure between two chambers of the same building. Unless, of course, that the space behind the wall is an extension of more recent times. After closer inspection of the inner and outer walls, that doesn't seem to be the case, however. And the opening is also rather wide for an embrasure.
It is most probably a spyhole, in my opinion, giving the miller the option to get a quick overview of the situation in his workplace, without having to des­cend all the way down from his living quarters upstairs. We have seen similar devices in the mills of Siétamo (also in the wall separating the stairs from the workplace) and of Jánovas (above the stairs, directly accessible from the living room).

(12) Canal del molino with Alcalá in the background

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